Basil

(c. 330–79)
   Saint, Bishop and Theologian.
   Basil was the elder brother of St Gregory of nyssa and a native of Caesarea in Cappadocia. After an extensive education (he studied in Athens with Gregory of nazianzus) he was baptised and became a hermit. In 364, at the request of Eusebius, he returned to the world to combat the Arian heresy. His first books were attacks on the Arian bishop eunomius. Then in 370 he succeeded Eusebius as Bishop of Caesarea where he remained for the rest of his life. Although he corresponded with apollinarius, he was a determined warrior for orthodoxy. He confronted and outfaced the Arian Emperor Valens and he unswervingly opposed the Pneumatomachi who denied the divinity of the Holy Spirit. However, Basil is primarily remembered for his support of monasticism and for his caring and efficient administration of the clergy and poor of his diocese. He introduced the idea of community into the ascetic life and his pastoral supervision of charity was much imitated. Besides the books against Eunomius, he wrote an important collection of letters and a treatise on the Holy Spirit. One of the Three Cappadocian Fathers (the other two being Gregory of Nyssa and Gregory of Nazianzus), he is generally known as St Basil the Great.
   P. Rousseau, Basil of Caesarea (1994);
   P.J. Fedwick, (ed.), Basil of Caesarea (1981).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Basil — ist ein männlicher Vorname[1] und ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Basil — Bas il, n. [F. basilic, fr. L. basilicus royal, Gr. basiliko s fr. basiley s king.] (Bot.) The name given to several aromatic herbs of the Mint family, but chiefly to the common or sweet basil ({Ocymum basilicum}), and the bush basil, or lesser… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • basil — aromatic shrubby plant, early 15c., from O.Fr. basile (15c., Mod.Fr. basilic), from M.L. basilicum, from Gk. basilikon (phyton) royal (plant), from basileus king (see BASIL (Cf. Basil)). So called, probably, because it was believed to have been… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Basil — m English: from the Greek name Basileios ‘royal’ (a derivative of basileus king). This name was borne by St Basil the Great (c.330–379), bishop of Caesarea, a theologian regarded as one of the Fathers of the Eastern Church. It was also the name… …   First names dictionary

  • Basil — Basil,   Otto, österreichischer Schriftsteller, * Wien 24. 12. 1901, ✝ ebenda 19. 2. 1983; schrieb Gedichte, Essays, Theaterkritiken (Sammlung »Lob und Tadel«, 1981); übersetzte aus dem Französischen; gab 1938 und 1945 48 die Zeitschrift »Plan«… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • basil — [bā′zəl, baz′əl] n. [ME & OFr basile < ML basilicum < Gr basilikon ( phyton), basil, lit., royal (plant) < basileus, king] any of a genus (Ocimum) of fragrant plants of the mint family, esp. a white flowered garden herb ( O. basilicum)… …   English World dictionary

  • Basil — Bas il (b[a^]z [i^]l), n. [Corrupt. from E. basan, F. basane, LL. basanium, bazana, fr. Ar. bith[=a]na, prop., lining.] The skin of a sheep tanned with bark. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basil — Bas il (b[a^]z [i^]l), n. [Cf. F. basile and E. {Bezel}.] The slope or angle to which the cutting edge of a tool, as a plane, is ground. Grier. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basil — Bas il, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Basiled} (?); p. pr. & vb. n. {Basiling}.] To grind or form the edge of to an angle. Moxon. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basil — Basil, so v.w. Basilios …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Basil — masc. proper name, from L. Basilius, from Gk. Basileios kingly, royal, from basileus king, of unknown origin, possibly from a language of Asia Minor (Cf. Lydian battos king ) …   Etymology dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.